Parts of the present building date from the 12th century, though a Saxon church may have existed here. This is supported by a list made in about 1015 of the burial places of saints in England, which says that St. Diuma, a 7th century bishop of the Middle Angles and Mercians, ‘rests in the place that is called Ceorlingburh’. From 1094 until the Dissolution of the Monasteries under Henry VIII, all appointments to the living of Charlbury were made by the Abbey of Eynsham. Unfortunately no names of Rectors are known until Walter de Sancto Edmundo (1234-1265). From 1296 the Abbey received the main tithes of corn and from then on appointed Vicars, who received the lesser tithes of hay and offerings made by the congregation. The right of appointment passed to St. John’s College Oxford in 1590, and the President of the college, Dr. Ralph Hutchinson, was vicar from 1593 to 1606. He took part in the translation of the Authorized Version of the Bible, but died before it was finished.